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John Maynard Keynes

John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, CB was a British economist. His ideas, called Keynesian economics, had a big impact on modern economic and political theory. His ideas also had a big impact on many governments tax and economic policies. He ...

                                               

Francis Crick

Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS was a British physicist, biologist and humanist. He is one of those who worked out the structure of DNA. Using X-ray crystallography results from Maurice Wilkins biophysics team at Kings College London, Crick an ...

                                               

Jean Pierre Flourens

Marie Jean Pierre Flourens proved that the effects of "the mind" were caused by the brain, not the heart. He was a French physiologist, the founder of experimental brain science and a pioneer in anesthesia. He use brain surgery on animals, and st ...

                                               

Ragnar Granit

Ragnar Arthur Granit was a Finnish-Swedish doctor and scientist. He won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the eye.

                                               

David Hubel

David Hunter Hubel was a Canadian neurophysiologist noted for his studies of the structure and function of the visual cortex. He was co-recipient with Torsten Wiesel of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for their discoveries concern ...

                                               

Otto Loewi

Otto Loewi was a German doctor. He won the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, along with Henry Hallett Dale, for their discoveries about chemical transmission of nerve impulses In his most famous experiment, Loewi took fluid from a frog ...

                                               

Roger Wolcott Sperry

Roger Wolcott Sperry was an American neurobiologist and Nobel Prize winner. He shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel. In 1989, Sperry also received the National Medal of Science. Before Sperrys ...

                                               

Theodor Fontane

Theodor Fontane was a German novelist and poet, regarded by many to be the most important 19th-century German-language realist writer.

                                               

James (son of Zebedee)

For people and places called Saint James, see the disambiguation page. Saint James, son of Zebedee was one of the disciples of Jesus. He was the son of Zebedee and Salome and brother of John the Evangelist. He is called Saint James the Greater to ...

                                               

Jack Williams

Jack Williams was a United States Navy sailor. He received the Medal of Honor because of his actions in World War II.

                                               

John Willis

John Harlan Willis was a United States Navy sailor. He received the Medal of Honor because of his actions in World War II.

                                               

Munevera Zulfikarpasic

Munevera Zulfikarpasic, born Gavrankapetanovic, was a distinguished Bosnian and Sarajevan master of pharmacy. She was born in Ljubuski and died in Sarajevo. She was: among the first Bosnian-Herzegovinian pharmacists certified for the preparation ...

                                               

Physician

A physician or medical doctor is a person who uses medicine to treat illness and injuries to improve a patients health. In most countries, the basic medical degree qualifies a person to treat patients and prescribe appropriate treatment, includin ...

                                               

Sinforoso Amoedo Canaveri

Sinforoso Amoedo was an Argentine medical doctor. He was born in Buenos Aires. He was the son of Hilario Amoedo Garazatua and Juana Josefa Canaveris. He began his high school studies at the Colegio Republicano. He studied medicine at the Universi ...

                                               

Ruben Bierer

Ruben Bierer was a doctor in Sofia and one of the first pioneers of the Jewish nationalism and one of the first active zionists in Galicia and Bulgaria, adherent of Hovevei Zion in Galicia, Austria and Bulgaria. In 1867 he was in Lviv a co-founde ...

                                               

Margaret Cruickshank

Cruickshank studied at the University of Otago Dunedin School of Medicine and was the second woman, following Emily Siedeberg, in New Zealand to complete medical school. During World War I she planned the work of the Waimate Red Cross Fund. She d ...

                                               

Antonio Egas Moniz

This is a Portuguese name; the first family name is Egas and the second is Moniz. Antonio Egas Moniz, known as Egas Moniz, was a Portuguese neurologist. He developed cerebral angiography, a technique to visualise the blood vessels in and around t ...

                                               

Carlos Finlay

Finlay was born Juan Carlos Finlay y Barres, in Puerto Principe now Camaguey, Cuba. His family is of French and Scottish heritage. In 1853 he went to Jefferson Medical college in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He graduated in 1855. He finished his s ...

                                               

Hermann von Helmholtz

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions in several scientific fields. The Helmholtz Association is named after him. In physiology and psychology, he is known for his mathemati ...

                                               

Kuntala Kumari Sabat

Kuntala Kumari Sabat Kuntala Kumari Sabat was born on 8 February 1901, at Jagadalpur in Bastar region. Her parents were Daniel and Monica. Shortly after her birth, her parents went to Burma with family. So Kuntala Kumari passed her early childhoo ...

                                               

Ernst Heinrich Weber

Ernst Heinrich Weber was a German physician. He was one of the founders of experimental psychology. Weber was an influential and important figure in the areas of physiology and psychology during his lifetime and beyond. His studies on sensation a ...

                                               

Leonid Azkaldian

Leonid Azkaldian was an Armenian physicist and one of the founders and the commander of "Liberation Army" military organization.

                                               

Marcus Oliphant

Sir Marcus" Mark” Laurence Elwin Oliphant, commonly known as Marcus Oliphant, was an Australian physicist and humanitarian. He helped to develop nuclear weapons. He was involved with the first experimental demonstration of nuclear fusion.

                                               

Ernesto Sabato

Ernesto Sabato was an Argentine writer, painter and physicist. He won some of the most important prizes for writing in Spanish and was influential in the literary world of Latin America. He was also famous for investigating war crimes in Argentin ...

                                               

Giovanni Sartori

Giovanni Sartori was an Italian political scientist specialized in the study of democracy and comparative politics. He was also a journalist who wrote for Corriere della Sera. Sartori died in Florence, Italy on 4 April 2017 from throat cancer, ag ...

                                               

Anthropology

Anthropology. Anthrop- means" about human beings,” and -ology means" a type of science." Anthropology is a type of science about human beings. A person who studies anthropology is called an anthropologist. The main goal of anthropology is to answ ...

                                               

Robert Broom

Professor Robert Broom was a Scottish, and later South African, doctor and palaeontologist. He qualified as a medical practitioner in 1895 and received his DSc in 1905 from the University of Glasgow. In 1893 he married Mary Baird Baillie. From 19 ...

                                               

Caucasian race

Caucasoid was a word for a person from Europe, West Asia, South Asia, Central Asia, North Africa, or the Horn of Africa. The group of these persons was called "Caucasoid race" or Caucasian race. In former times, many people divided human beings i ...

                                               

Division of labour

In ancient history, a division of labour was when some people in a city stopped growing crops and took other jobs. This usually happened because of a surplus of food. This means that there was more than enough food for everyone, so some people di ...

                                               

Feminist Anthropology

Feminist Anthropology is a theory that combines anthropology and feminism. Feminism began to noticeably make a mark on anthropology during the 1970s. Feminist anthropology changed how anthropologists study women. Anthropologists for the most part ...

                                               

Human evolution

Human evolution is about the origin of human beings. All humans belong to the same species, which has spread from its birthplace in Africa to almost all parts of the world. Its origin in Africa is proved by the fossils which have been found there ...

                                               

Meme

A meme is an idea or style which spreads because one person copies it from another. One idea is that culture builds in a way similar to living things. An example would be how viruses spread to different organisms. Memes change as they go, creatin ...

                                               

Mongoloid (race)

Mongoloid was a word for a person from East Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arctic, the Americas, or the Pacific Islands. The group of these persons was called Mongoloid race. In former times, many people divided human beings into three races. These ra ...

                                               

Prognathism

Prognathism describes when part or all of the face sticks out more than normal. Humans have orthognathic faces. That means the faces is more or less vertical. Most other primates have prognathic faces: their jaws stick out in front of the top par ...

                                               

Settler

A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and made a permanent home there. Many times the reason is to colonize the area. Many times in history settlers live on land which used to belong to people who had lived there a long time. These pe ...

                                               

Social class

In sociology, Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. There are various ways to divide classes. The working class do hard work for others. Where money is used, they are paid for ...

                                               

Steatopygia

Steatopygia is the state of having substantial levels of fatty tissue on the buttocks and thighs. This can be seen on the buttocks, the inside and outside of the thighs, and the knee. Steatopygia is an inherited condition of the Khoisan peoples o ...

                                               

Totemism

Totemism is a belief about the relationship between people and nature. The term totem comes from an Ojibwe word meaning" a relative of mine”. It was first written about in 1791 by a trader, James Long. It has been recorded across native tribes of ...

                                               

Architecture

Architecture is designing the structures of buildings. It uses both art and engineering. Examples include houses, churches, hotels, office buildings, roads, viaducts, tunnels and bridges. Architecture is the profession of an architect. Usually, a ...

                                               

Economy

An economy is a system of making and trading things of value. It is usually divided into goods and services. It assumes there is medium of exchange, which in the modern world is a system of finance. This makes trade possible. The alternative – sy ...

                                               

2052 - A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years

2252 - A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years is a description of trends in global development of Jorgen Randers, that is a follow-up of The Limits to Growth which in 1972 was the first known worldwide report to the Club of Rome. There are th ...

                                               

Antiglobalization

Anti-globalization is used for people and groups who oppose certain aspects of globalization in its present form. Anti-globalization” is considered by many to be a social movement, while others consider it to be several separate social movements. ...

                                               

Arrows impossibility theorem

Arrows impossibility theorem, Arrows theorem, or Arrows paradox is a statement from social choice theory, named after economist Kenneth Arrow, who first described it in 1950: Suppose there is a vote, and voters have at least three different optio ...

                                               

Asset

An asset is something valuable or useful. In business and accounting, the value of an asset is expressed as certain amount of money. The amount of money can be calculated as the amount of economic value that the asset can produce in future. The c ...

                                               

Austrian School

The Austrian School is a school of economic thought based on the actions of the individual person. It started in late 19th and early 20th century Vienna, Austria. It is referred to as Austrian economics, because the primary economists were Austri ...

                                               

Autonomous consumption

Autonomous consumption is when people are paying for things when they have no income. In other words, it is the consumption expenditure that happens when income levels are zero. Such consumption is considered autonomous of income only when spendi ...

                                               

Barriers to entry

In economics, barriers to entry refers to the things that makes it difficult for a firm or a person to enter a market. These are called obstacles and makes it harder for a firm or a person to enter a market. Examples of barriers to entry include ...

                                               

Basic income

A universal basic income or simply basic income is a type of program in which citizens of a country may receive a regular sum of money from the government. A pure or unconditional basic income has no means test, much like Social Security in the U ...

                                               

Big Mac Index

The Big Mac Index is an economic index which compares the purchasing power of two currencies. It looks at how expensive a Big Mac is in different countries. The Big Mac Index was first written about in The Economist magazine in September 1986. Th ...

                                               

Box office

A box office is a place where tickets are sold to the public. These tickets let people into a theater to see an event. In the movie industry, the term is most often used to mean the amount of money a movie makes by the selling of tickets. The ter ...