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Akiba Rubinstein

Akiba Rubinstein was a Polish chess Grandmaster in the first part of the 20th century. Around 1910 he was one of the three best players in the world. p346

                                               

Choscisko

Choscisko – according to of Gall of Anonym father of Hubs and, of progenitor of dynasty Piastow. His name meaning the tail probably appears in for Polish Chronicle in this meaningskutkowac three times: Chosciskiem also a prince is named Popiel in ...

                                               

Faustyna Kowalska

Maria Faustina Kowalska, commonly known as Saint Faustina, born Helena Kowalska was a Polish nun and mystic. She is now venerated in the Roman Catholic Church as a saint.

                                               

Adam Stefan Sapieha

Adam Stefan Stanislaw Bonfatiusz Jozef Sapieha was a Polish Roman Catholic Church priest and Cardinal. He was a mentor and patron of Pope John Paul II.

                                               

Barbara of Portugal

Barbara of Portugal was a Portuguese princess, daughter of King John V of Portugal, of the House of Braganza, and his wife, Maria Anna of Austria. She was born on 4 December 1711 in Lisbon, Portugal and given the name Maria Madalena Barbara Xavie ...

                                               

Maria I of Portugal

Maria I was the Queen of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Known as Maria the Pious, or Maria the Mad, she was the first undisputed Queen of Portugal. Her court, then under the direction of her eldest son and heir Dom João, the Prince Regent, mo ...

                                               

Fernando Pessoa

Fernando Antonio Nogueira Pessoa, also known as Fernando Pessoa, was a Portuguese poet and writer. Pessoa is considered one of the greatest Portuguese poets. He has been compared to Luis Vaz de Camões. His works reflect the infuence of classic tr ...

                                               

Most Faithful Majesty

Most Faithful Majesty was the style of address traditionally used by the King or Queen of Portugal. Most Faithful King was a title awarded by the Pope as spiritual head of the Catholic Church to the Portuguese monarchy. In Portuguese it is spelt ...

                                               

Vlad III the Impaler

Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia, is more commonly known as Vlad "Țepeș". He was born in Sighișoara, Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary, in 1431. He was the Prince of Wallachia and ruled there three times, in 1448, 1456–1462 and 1476. In the English-s ...

                                               

Mikhail Botvinnik

Mikhail Botvinnik was a Soviet Russian grandmaster and three-time World Chess Champion. He was an electrical engineer, one of the few chess masters who achieved distinction in another career while playing top-class competitive chess. Botvinnik wa ...

                                               

El Lissitzky

Lazar Markovich Lissitzky, better known as El Lissitzky, was a Russian artist, designer, photographer, typographer, and architect. He was an important figure of the Russian avant-garde, helping develop suprematism with his mentor, Kazimir Malevic ...

                                               

Nadezhda Mandelstam

Nadezhda Yakovlevna Mandelstam, born as Nadezhda Yakovlevna Hazin, was a Russian writer and the wife of poet Osip Mandelstam. She grew up in Kiev, after she studied art. She married Osip Mandelstam in 1921, and lived in Ukraine, Saint Petersburg, ...

                                               

King of Saudi Arabia

The King of Saudi Arabia is the head of state and head of government of Saudi Arabia. He serves as the head of the Saudi monarchy - House of Saud. The King is called the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The title, means Saudi Arabias jurisdicti ...

                                               

Ibn Saud

Abdulaziz ibn Saud, was the founder and first monarch of Saudi Arabia. He was usually known in the Arab world as Abdulaziz and known outside it as Ibn Saud. He reconquered his familys ancestral home city of Riyadh in 1902. This started 30 years w ...

                                               

List of heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church

This article lists the heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church, since the creation of the church as an autocephalous Archbishopric in 1219 to todays Patriarchate. The list includes all the Archbishops and Patriarchs that led the Serbian Orthodox Chu ...

                                               

President of Somalia

The president of Somalia is the head of state of Somalia. The President is also commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces. The president represents the Federal Republic of Somalia. The office of President of Somalia was created with the procl ...

                                               

Francisco Ferrer y Guardia

Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia commonly known as Francisco Ferrer, was a Spanish Catalan "free-thinker" and anarchist.

                                               

Juan Ponce de Leon

Juan Ponce de Leon was a Spanish nobleman, explorer and colonial governor. Looking for gold and a rumored "Fountain of Youth, he landed on the southeast coast of North America near present-day St. Augustine, Florida. He claimed the lands for Spai ...

                                               

Juan Sebastian Elcano

Juan Sebastian Elcano was a Spanish explorer of Basque origin. He completed the first circumnavigation of the world started by Ferdinand Magellan. After Magellans death in the Philippines, Elcano took command of the expedition and completed the v ...

                                               

Vasco Nuñez de Balboa

Vasco Nuñez de Balboa was a Spanish explorer and conquistador. He was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean. Balboa was one of those who established the settlement at Darien in what is now Panama. He was elected mayor, then governor. In 151 ...

                                               

Louise Elisabeth dOrleans

Louise Elisabeth dOrleans was the wife of Louis I of Spain. She was a daughter of Françoise Marie de Bourbon and Philippe, Duke of Orleans, Regent of France. She married Louis, then known as the Prince of Asturias on 20 January 1722. She had no c ...

                                               

Ferdinand VI of Spain

Ferdinand VI was a King of Spain July 1746 until his death in 1759 aged 49 He was the fourth son of the previous monarch Philip V and his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy. The third Bourbon to rule Spain, he died childless and his half brother Cha ...

                                               

Isabella II of Spain

Isabella II, also known as the Queen of Sad Mischance and the Traditional Queen, was queen regnant of Spain from 1833 till 1868 till she was exiled and fled to France where she died. She would be suceeded by her son.

                                               

Maria Amalia of Saxony

Maria Amalia of Saxony was a Duchess of Saxony of the House of Wettin and wife of Charles III of Spain. Married to the then King of Naples, at the death of her brother in law Ferdinand VI of Spain, she became the queen of Spain. A cultured woman, ...

                                               

Maria Antonia of Spain

Maria Antonia of Spain was an Infanta of Spain and the youngest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese. She was the wife of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia whom she married in 1750. She was the mother of the last three mainline Kings ...

                                               

Mariana Victoria of Spain

Mariana Victoria of Spain sometimes Maria Anna Victoria was an Infanta of Spain by birth and was later the Queen of Portugal as wife of King Joseph I. The eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese. Under the influence of the Duke ...

                                               

Philip, Duke of Parma

Philip of Spain was Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the Parma line of the House of Bourbon. He was a son in law of Louis XV.

                                               

Bartolome de Las Casas

Bartolome de Las Casas, known as the Apostle of the Indies, was a 16th century Spanish priest and writer, and the first Bishop of Chiapas, Mexico. Las Casas was the Dominican priest who condemned the treatment of Indians in the Spanish empire. Hi ...

                                               

Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon was the daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon. Catherine was the wife of Arthur, Prince of Wales and later married his brother, Henry VIII.

                                               

Grandee of Spain

The Grandes de España are the highest ranking members of the Spanish nobility. Their ranks are made up of those nobles holding the most important historical landed titles in Spain. In the modern day, many of these titles overlap or are held by th ...

                                               

List of heads of state of Sudan

This article lists the heads of state of Sudan since the countrys independence in 1956. Since independence was proclaimed on 1 January 1956, six individuals and three multi-member sovereignty councils have served as head of state of Sudan. Sudan ...

                                               

List of prime ministers of Eswatini

The Prime Ministers of Eswatini is the main executive and legislative head of the nation of Eswatini. Since the formation of the post of Prime Minister of Swaziland in 1967 to the present day, there has been a total of nine people. There were six ...

                                               

Nestorius

Nestorius objected to the popular custom calling the Mary the mother of Jesus, Theotokos, meaning the mother of god. He believed that Jesus had two parts, one human and one divine. This belief, now called Nestorianism, was different to those held ...

                                               

Pope Gregory III

Pope Gregory III was an Syrian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 90th Pope from 11 February 731 to 28 November 741.

                                               

President of Tanzania

The President of the United Republic of Tanzania is the head of state and head of government of Tanzania. The president leads the executive branch of the Government of Tanzania and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

                                               

Prime Minister of Tanzania

The Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania is the leader of government business in the National Assembly. The position works closely with the President, the head of government. The functions and powers of the Prime Minister are describ ...

                                               

Nejib Khattab

He began his career on Tunisian radio and television in the sports field, commenting in particular on the matches of the national team on the occasion of the 1978 football world cup. He enjoyed significant success in the 1980s and 1990s hosting r ...

                                               

Muhammad Ali Pasha

Muhammad Ali Pasha was an Albanian commander in the Ottoman army. He became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan. Though not a modern nationalist, he was the founder of modern Egypt because of the dramatic reforms he made to the arm ...

                                               

Mikhail Bulgakov

Mikhail Bulgakov was a Soviet Russian writer and playwright active in the first half of the 20th century. He is best known for his novel The Master and Margarita, which has been called one of the masterpieces of the 20th century. Much of Bulgakov ...

                                               

Bill Mazer

Bill Mazer was an American sportscaster. He was the host of the first sports talk radio show in history. It started in March of 1964 on WNBC. Bill Mazer was a color commentator and a studio host for the NHL. He did play-by-play for the NFL on CBS ...

                                               

Dương Van Minh

Dương Van Minh was a former General of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. He came from the first course at the French Military Academy of the Indochinese Confederation in the southeastern part of Vietnam for the purpose of training indigenous p ...

                                               

Pham Van Dồng

In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Pham. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should be called by the given name Dong. Pham Van Dồng was the first Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam since 1976 until his retirement ...

                                               

Columba

Saint Columba was an Irish priest and missionary. He left Ireland in 563 AD on his mission to bring Christianity to Dal Riata, now western Scotland. He built the famous monastery on the Island of Iona which became known as a "holy island.

                                               

John Bunyan

John Bunyan was an English tinker, preacher and writer. He wrote a book called The Pilgrims Progress which has been translated into more languages than any other book except the Bible. The book is a story about a man who is trying to lead a good ...

                                               

John Knox

John Knox was the man who brought the Protestant Reformation to Scotland. He was one of the founders of the Presbyterian Church. Knox joined the movement to change the Roman Catholic church in Scotland. He married twice and had five children, and ...

                                               

Anton Praetorius

Anton Praetorius was the son of Matthes Schulze. He later changed his name to Praetorius. Praetorius wrote a poem about the Heidelberg Wine Barrel in the Heidelberg Castle in city of Heidelberg in October 1595. In 1596 he worked as a pastor in th ...

                                               

Thomas Aquinas

St. Thomas Aquinas, was a Catholic Dominican priest from Italy, and is a Catholic saint and philosopher. He was born in Roccasecca, as the son of Count Andulf of Aquino and Countess Theodora of Teano. His early education was at the Benedictine mo ...

                                               

John Wycliffe

John Wycliffe was an English theologian. He was one of the first to translate the Christian Bible into common English. It is generally known as "Wyclifs Bible". A missions agency bearing his name continues translating the scriptures into language ...

                                               

Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Raised in an educated and religious family, Dostoyevskys beliefs changed through his life. In prison, he focused intensely on the figure of Christ and on the New Testament, the only book allowed in prison. In a letter to the woman who had sent hi ...

                                               

Bruce M. Metzger

Bruce Manning Metzger was an American biblical scholar, Bible translator and textual critic, a longtime professor at Princeton Theological Seminary and Bible editor of the American Bible Society and United Bible Societies. He was a scholar of Gre ...