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Allied invasion of Sicily

The Allied invasion of Sicily was code-named Operation Husky. It was a major battle of World War II. The Allies captured Sicily from the Axis Powers. It was a big sea and air operation, followed by six weeks of land fighting. It started the Itali ...

                                               

Battle of Crete

The Battle of Crete was a battle fought in World War 2 between the Nazis and British Commonwealth soldiers with Greek support. It was fought from 20 May to 1 June 1941. The battle began in the morning of 20 May when German paratroopers began Oper ...

                                               

Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the 1944 campaign for the invasion of continental Europe in World War II. It was fought by the Allied forces against German forces. The most critical part was the Normandy landings, which were to get the Allied armies onto ...

                                               

Battle of Passchendaele

The Battle of Passchendaele was one of the biggest battles of the First World War. It happened between July and November 1917. Allied troops attacked the German Army in many operations. The Allies were commanded by British leaders. The battle was ...

                                               

Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme took place in World War I. The battle started on 1 July 1916, and ended on 18 November 1916. The battle was named after the French River Somme where it was fought. On the first day the British Army had 57.470 casualties, o ...

                                               

Benjamin Herschel Babbage

Benjamin Herschel Babbage was an English scientist, engineer and explorer. Babbage was the son of the famous mathematician, Charles Babbage. He went to South Australia to map the geography and the location of minerals. Babbage was very thorough, ...

                                               

John Gilbert (naturalist)

John Gilbert was an English naturalist and explorer. He collected animal specimens for English naturalist John Gould. Australias rarest animal, Gilberts Potoroo, Potorous gilberti, and the Gilbert-Einasleigh River were named after him.

                                               

Hamilton Hume

Hamilton Hume was the first Australian born explorer. Hume was born near Parramatta, a town close to and now a part of Sydney. His father was Andrew Hamilton Hume, who came to Australia in 1790 in charge of convicts prisoners and later became a f ...

                                               

John Shortland

Lieutenant John Shortland was an English naval officer who explored and named the Hunter River in Australia. Shortland joined the Royal Navy in 1781 as a midshipman. After served in Quebec and the West Indies. His father, Captain John Shortland 1 ...

                                               

John McDouall Stuart

John McDouall Stuart is regarded as one of Australias greatest explorers. He went on seven major exploring trips into the centre and north of Australia. He was leader of six of these expeditions. He spent more time out in the Australian bush expl ...

                                               

Charles Sturt

Charles Sturt was a British Army officer who became an early explorer of Australia. He described the Murray, the Murrumbidgee and Darling Rivers. Sturt searched the desert areas of Australia in the hope of finding an inland sea.

                                               

Abel Tasman

Abel Janszoon Tasman was a Dutch sea explorer. He found Tasmania and New Zealand while on voyages in 1642 and 1644, in the service of the VOC. He also made the first historical sightings of large parts of Australia. He was born in Groningen, Holl ...

                                               

Alexander Tolmer

Alexander Tolmer was the man in charge of the South Australian police force. Born in England to French parents, he studied to be a teacher of languages. He joined the army and saw action in Portugal from 1826 - 1833 during the civil war. Tolmer m ...

                                               

First Fleet

The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships which sailed from Great Britain on 13 May 1787, to start the first European colony in New South Wales. It was the beginning of a plan to send thousands of prisoners to Australia to make convict se ...

                                               

Golden Grove (ship)

The Golden Grove was a store ship in the First Fleet which carried the convicts and soldiers to Australia to start a penal colony. The ships left England in May 1787, and arrived in Australia in January 1788. This was the start of European settle ...

                                               

Lady Penrhyn (ship)

The Lady Penrhyn was one of six convict transport ships in the First Fleet. The First Fleet carried the convicts and soldiers to Australia to start a penal colony. The ships left England in May 1787 and arrived in Australia in January 1788. This ...

                                               

Robert Ross (Royal Marines officer)

Major Robert Ross was the officer in charge of the marines sent with the First Fleet to start a convict settlement in Australia. He later became the Lieutenant-Governor of Norfolk Island.

                                               

Scarborough (ship)

The Scarborough was one of six convict transport ships in the First Fleet. The First Fleet carried the convicts and soldiers to Australia to start a penal colony. The ships left England in May 1787 and arrived in Australia in January 1788. This w ...

                                               

Death of Ms Dhu

Julieka Ivanna Dhu was an Aboriginal Australian woman who died in police custody on 4 August 2014. She was put in jail for not paying fines. She complained about pain and was sent to hospital, but staff there were convinced she was suffering from ...

                                               

Outstation movement

In Australia, the outstation movement is the movement of Australian Aboriginal people from large towns to much smaller communities, called outstations. It is mostly seen in the Northern Territory and amongst the people of the Western Desert. Befo ...

                                               

Pintupi Nine

The Pintupi Nine were a group of Aboriginal Australians. They are said to have been the last Aborigines in Australia to come into contact with modern civilisation. The group lived a nomadic, hunter-gatherer way of life in the Great Sandy Desert, ...

                                               

Korean War

The Korean War, also known as "The Forgotten War" took place between 1950 and 1953. Its components were the Republic of Korea, supported by the armed forces of several countries commanded by the United States; And the Democratic Peoples Republic ...

                                               

World War I

World War I, also called the First World War, began on July 28, 1914 and lasted until November 11, 1918. The war was a global war that lasted exactly 4 years, 3 months and 14 days. Most of the fighting was in Europe, but soldiers from many other ...

                                               

World War II

World War II, in the Soviet Union, the Great Patriotic War, was a global war involving fighting in most of the world and most countries. Most countries fought in the years 1939–1945 but some started fighting in 1937. Most of the worlds countries, ...

                                               

Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of the major powers of Europe. It was held in Vienna from November 1, 1814, to June 8, 1815. The chairman was the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich. Its purpose was to decide a ...

                                               

Anschluss

The Anschluss, or AnschluS, was the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938. After the First World War, both Austria-Hungary and the German Empire were abolished, and many hoped that the Republic of German Austria would be unified with the ...

                                               

Italian Campaign (World War I)

The Italian campaign was a series of battles fought between Austria-Hungary and Italy in the mountains of northern Italy between 1915 and 1918. Italy did not fight for the Triple Alliance, despite promises to Germany and Austria-Hungary, in 1914, ...

                                               

Kristallnacht

Kristallnacht was a two-day pogrom that happened against Jews in Nazi Germany and parts of Austria. It was between 9 and 10 November 1938. About 30.000 Jews were moved to concentration camps, and over 1.500 synagogues were pillaged and partly des ...

                                               

Paneuropean Picnic

The Paneuropean Picnic was an event that took place on the border between Austria and Hungary near Sopron, Hungary. The event took place on August 19, 1989.

                                               

COVID-19 pandemic in Austria

The first cases involved a 24-year-old man and a 24-year-old woman who were travelling from Lombardy, Italy, and were treated at a hospital in Innsbruck. On 12 March 2020, Austria confirmed the first death of COVID-19, a 69-year-old man from Vien ...

                                               

UEFA Euro 2008

The 2008 UEFA European Football Championship was the 13th UEFA European Championships. It was hosted by Austria and Switzerland during June 7 and June 29, 2008. The winners were Spain, defeating Germany 1-0. Spain was also the first team since Ge ...

                                               

Charles the Simple

Charles III, called the Simple or the Straightforward, was the King of the Franks from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919–23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty.

                                               

Hugh de Lotharingia

Hugh de Lotharingia also called Hugh of Lotharingia was a person in the Frankish royal family during the Carolingian dynasty. A dynasty is a group of kings or queens who are related to each other by blood and rule the same place one after he othe ...

                                               

St. Michaels Church, Vienna

St. Michaels Church is a church in Vienna, Austria. It is a Roman Catholic church and is one of the oldest churches in the city. The church is named after Saint Michael, an important angel for Roman Catholics. It was built between 1220 and 1240 i ...

                                               

Brunhilda of Austrasia

Brunhilda was a Visigoth princess. Her father was King Athanagild of Spain. She married King Sigebert I of Austrasia. She ruled the eastern kingdoms of Austrasia and Burgundy in the names of her sons and grandsons. At first she was known as a fai ...

                                               

Carolingian dynasty

The Carolingian dynasty was a Frankish noble family who ruled over a large part of western Europe from 751 to 987. They were a line of mayors, kings, and princes who succeeded the Merovingian dynasty. The most famous member of the family was Char ...

                                               

Anne of Austria

Anne of Austria, Infanta of Spain, Infanta of Portugal, Archduchess of Austria, Anne d’Autriche in French, was Queen consort of France and Navarre. She also acted as a regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. During her regency Cardinal Mazarin s ...

                                               

Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor

Francis I was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real power of those positions. With his wife, Maria Theresa of Austria, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. From 1728 until 1737 ...

                                               

Maria Anna of Austria

Maria Anna of Austria was an Archduchess of Austria as she was a daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. She would become Queen consort and regent of Portugal by her marriage to John V of Portugal. She was the Regent of Portugal from 1742 unti ...

                                               

Maria Beatrice dEste

Maria Beatrice d’Este was heiress of the two Duchies of Modena and Reggio. She was married to Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, son of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria in an attempt to give the Austrians more influence in the Italian states. Maria B ...

                                               

Maria Luisa of Spain

Maria Luisa of Spain was Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary as the spouse of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor.

                                               

Maria Theresa

Maria Theresa of Austria was the only female head of the Habsburg Dynasty. She was the Holy Roman Empress, queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and archduchess of Austria. During her rule she changed the royal palace outside Vienna the Austrian capital ...

                                               

Maria Theresa of Spain

Maria Theresa of Spain, was by birth Infanta of Spain and Portugal and Archduchess of Austria as member of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Queen of France. She was the daughter of Philip IV, King of Spain and Elisabeth ...

                                               

Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette was the last Queen of France, as the wife of King Louis XVI, before the monarchy was abolished in the French Revolution. She was born as Maria Antonia as an Archduchess of Austria. She married Louis in 1770, when she was 14 years ...

                                               

Marie Louise of Orleans (1662–1689)

Marie Louise dOrleans was the first wife of King Charles II of Spain. She was a granddaughter of Louis XIII of France. In her adopted country, she was known as Maria Luisa de Orleans.

                                               

Maria Magdalena of Austria

Maria Magdalena of Austria or Maria Maddalena of Austria was Grand Duchess of Tuscany from her husbands accession in 1609 until his death in 1621. With him, she had eight children, including a duchess of Parma, a grand duke of Tuscany, and an arc ...

                                               

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic also known as Azerbaijan Peoples Republic was the first successful attempt to establish a democratic and secular republic in the Muslim world. The ADR was founded on May 28, 1918 after the collapse of the Russia ...

                                               

2012 FIFA U-17 Womens World Cup

The 2012 FIFA U-17 Womens World Cup womens football tournament is the third such tournament. It will be held in Azerbaijan from 22 September to 13 October, following a decision by the Executive Committee on 19 March 2010. France won the title aft ...

                                               

COVID-19 pandemic in Azerbaijan

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Azerbaijan when its first case was confirmed in February 2020. On 28 February, the country confirmed its first positive case of COVID-19. The patient, a Russian national, had traveled from Ira ...

                                               

Armenia

Armenia is officially the Republic of Armenia. It is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is in Eastern Europe on the Armenian Highlands, Armenia is bordered by Turkey to the west and Georgia to the north. The de facto independen ...