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Australopithecus africanus

Austalopithecus africanus was first discovered by Raymond Dart in 1925. He found a well-preserved skull of a young australopithecine, three to four years old. This skull is often called the Taung Child, after Taung, South Africa where it was foun ...

                                               

Australopithecus anamensis

Australopithecus anamensis is a species of Australopithecus. The first fossilized specimen of the species, though not recognized as such at the time, was a single arm bone found in Pliocene strata in the Kanapoi region of East Lake Turkana by a H ...

                                               

Australopithecus deyiremeda

Australopithecus deyiremeda is an extinct hominin which lived about 3.4 million years ago in northern Ethiopia. This was around the same time and place as several previously discovered specimens of Australopithecus afarensis were found. They incl ...

                                               

Kenyanthropus platyops

Kenyanthropus platyops is an extinct hominid species discovered in Lake Turkana, Kenya in 1999. It was by Justus Erus, who was part of Meave Leakeys team. The fossil 3.5 to 3.2 million year old. It has a broad flat face with a toe bone that sugge ...

                                               

Paranthropus

Paranthropus did not behave in the same way as Homo. They lived on a diet of heavy-duty plant material: leaves, slim branches, grass, roots. The diet might be supplemented with insect grubs. Lacking our flexible behaviour, Paranthropus relied on ...

                                               

Scorpion I

Scorpion I was a king of Upper Egypt during the Predynastic Period, or the period before egypt was united. His name may refer to the scorpion goddess Serket. He is believed to have ruled in Thinis one or two centuries before the rule of the bette ...

                                               

Stone circle

A stone circle is an ancient monument. It is made of several standing stones, usually menhirs that are arranged in a certain way. Very often those stones form circles or ellipses. The number of stones can vary between four and 60. Very often, bur ...

                                               

Callanish stones

The Callanish stones are near the village of Callanish on the west coast of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides.

                                               

CN Tower

The CN Tower is a telecommunications tower in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is 553.33 metres tall and is the tallest free-standing structure in Canada, North America, and the Western Hemisphere. It is not the tallest building as there are no floor ...

                                               

Golden Gate Bridge

The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses over the San Francisco Bay, going from San Francisco to Marin County, in the U.S. state of California. It was opened for use in 1937. When the bridge was finished, its length of 9.266 ft ...

                                               

Louis Leakey

Louis Leakey was a Kenyan archaeologist, anthropologist and naturalist. His work was important in establishing human evolutionary development in East Africa. He also played a major role in creating organizations for future research in Africa and ...

                                               

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury PC, FRS, known as Sir John Lubbock, 4th Bt from 1865 until 1900, was an English banker, biologist, archaeologist and Liberal politician.

                                               

Paul Reinecke

Reinecke was born in Berlin. He studied medicine and science under Rudolf Virchow 1821–1903. Interested in prehistory, he also attended classes with the anthropologist Johannes Ranke 1836-1916 and the archaeologist Adolf Furtwangler 1853-1907. Du ...

                                               

Heinrich Schliemann

Heinrich Schliemann was a German archaeologist. He is famous for his work in discovering the ancient city of Troy.

                                               

Ruins

Ruins are the parts of buildings that are left after they have been destroyed and cannot be used properly any more. Many ruins are ancient and famous like the ruins of the forum of Ancient Rome, or the ruins of Tintagel Castle on the coast of Cor ...

                                               

Radiometric dating

Radiometric dating is a way to find out how old something is. The method compares the amount of a naturally occurring radioactive isotope and its decay products, in samples. The method uses known decay rates. It is the most used method of geochro ...

                                               

Uranium-lead dating

Uranium-lead is one of the oldest and most refined of the radiometric dating schemes. It can be used over an age range of about 1 million years to over 4.5 billion years. Precision is in the 0.1-1 percent range. The method relies on two separate ...

                                               

Younger Dryas

The Younger Dryas was a cold period. It reversed the gradual climatic warming which started around 20.000 years ago. At this time there was a sharp fall in temperature over most of the Northern Hemisphere. This occurred at the end of the Pleistoc ...

                                               

Coin

A coin is normally a round piece of metal that is used as currency, or money. Coins have been made for about 2600 years; the first place to make coins was Lydia. These coins were made of Precious metals and allowed people to trade with a standard ...

                                               

Coinage metal

A Group 11 element is one in the series of elements in group 11 in the periodic table, consisting of transition metals which are the traditional coinage metals of copper, silver, and gold. Roentgenium belongs to this group of elements based on it ...

                                               

Half dollar

The United States Half dollar is the largest US coin currently produced and in circulation measuring at 1.2 inches in diameter and 0.08 inches in thickness. It is worth half of a dollar, or 50 cents. It is worth the equivalent of 50 pennies, 10 n ...

                                               

Quarter (U.S. coin)

Silver quarters Draped Bust 1796–1807 Draped Bust, Small Eagle 1796 Draped Bust, Heraldic Eagle 1804–1807 Capped Bust Small Size, No Motto 1831–1838 Capped Bust Large Size, With Motto 1815–1828 Capped Bust 1815–1838 Seated Liberty 1838–1891 Seate ...

                                               

Sovereign (British coin)

The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling. It has been struck from 1817 until the present day. it was originally a circulating coin accepted in Britain and elsewhere in the world. Now it is a b ...

                                               

29th century BC

c. 2874 B.C.: The 365-day calendar year was started in ancient Egypt, with fixed lunar months of 30 days + 5 epagomenal days. 2807 BC: Possible date for an asteroid or comet impact occurring between Africa and Antarctica, around the time of a sol ...

                                               

26th century BC

c. 2600 BC – 1900 BC: Large water tank, possibly a public or ritual bathing area, Mohenjo-Daro, Indus Valley Civilization, Harappan, is made. c. 2589 BC: Pharaoh Khufu starts to rule other date is 2601 BC. c. 2566 BC: Pharaoh Khufu dies other dat ...

                                               

24th century BC

c. 2350 BC: End of the Early Dynastic III period in Mesopotamia. c. 2334 BC – 2279 BC: Semitic chieftain Sargon of Akkads conquest of Sumer and Mesopotamia. c. 2345 BC: Sixth dynasty of Egypt starts other date is 2460 BC. c. 2350 BC: First destru ...

                                               

23rd century BC

c. 2240 BC: Akkad, capital of the Akkadian Empire, becomes the largest city in the world 2333 BC: Beginning of the Gojoseon, the first dynasty and government system in Korea. 2334 BC – 2279 BC: short chronology Sargon of Akkads conquest of Mesopo ...

                                               

22nd century BC

4.2 kiloyear event – the land became very dry, an event that probably lasted the entire 22nd century BC and caused the end of several Old World civilizations. c. 2181 BC: Old Kingdom ends in Ancient Egypt other date is 2190 BC. c. 2181 BC: First ...

                                               

21st century BC

2080 BC: First Intermediate Period of Egypt ended. Middle Kingdom began in Ancient Egypt. 2071 BC: Magh Ithe, first recorded battle in Ireland myths. 2080 BC: Ninth Dynasty wars in Egypt. c. 2055 BC: End of First Intermediate Period of Egypt. 204 ...

                                               

20th century BC

c. 2000 BC: Bronze Age began in north Ancient China. c. 2000 BC – Torso, from Harappa, Indus Valley Civilization, was made. It is now kept at National Museum, New Delhi. c. 1985 BC – 1795 BC: Rock-cut tombs at Beni Hasan were made. Twelfth Dynast ...

                                               

19th century BC

c. 1874 BC: Pharaoh Senwosret III starts to rule other date is 1878 BC. 1900 BC: Proto-Greek invasions of Greece. 1876 BC: Israelites enter Egypt after two years of famine according to one interpretation of internal Biblical chronology; an altern ...

                                               

18th century BC

c. 1792 BCE – 1750 BCE: middle chronology – Hammurabi rules Babylonia and has to deal with Mari. 1787 BCE – 1784 BCE: Amorite conquests of Uruk and Isin. 1800 BCE – 1300 BCE: Troy VI flourishes. 1786 BCE: Egypt: Queen Sobekneferu dies. End of Twe ...

                                               

1690s BC

1691 BC June - Lunar Saros 32 begins. Archived 2004-04-05 at the Wayback Machine The Exodus: The Israelites leave Egypt, Thrasyllus of Mendes says this. He was an Egyptian mathematician and astronomer who lived c. 1691 BC. 1700 - 1500 BC Hurrian ...

                                               

1550s BC

The city of Mycenae, in the northeast Peloponnesus, becomes the most powerful in Achaea. The Mycenaean civilization is named after the town. 1550 BC - Ahmose I becomes Pharaoh of Egypt. 1556 BC - Cecrops I rebuilds Athens after the great flood of ...

                                               

11th century BC

1020 BC: King Kang of Zhou succeeds King Cheng as ruler of the Zhou Dynasty in China. c. 1020 BC: Destruction of Troy VIIb 2. 1089 BC: Melanthus, legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 37 years. 1003 BC: David succeeds Saul. 1039 BC: Nef ...

                                               

4Q120

4Q120 is a Septuagint manuscript of the biblical Book of Leviticus, which was found at Qumran. The Rahlfs-No. is 802. Palaoegraphycally it dates from the first century BCE.

                                               

1st century

The 1st century was the century that lasted from year 1 to 100. During this period Europe, North Africa and the Near East fell under increasing domination by the Roman Empire. It continued expanding under the emperor Claudius 43. The reforms intr ...

                                               

Basilica Cistern

The Basilica Cistern is the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns under the city of Istanbul, Turkey. The cistern, is close to the Hagia Sophia.

                                               

9th century

824: Han Yu died. 835: Ganlu Incident. 875 – 884: Huang Chao leads an unsuccessful rebellion against the Tang Dynasty in China. 9th – 10th century – Bowl with kufic border, from Samarkand, Uzbekistan, is made. It is now kept at Musee du Louvre, P ...

                                               

Hereward the Wake

Hereward the Wake was an Anglo-Saxon nobleman. He resisted William the Conqueror. His base was the Isle of Ely in East Anglia. According to legend he roamed the Fens, covering North Cambridgeshire, Southern Lincolnshire and West Norfolk, leading ...

                                               

Spanish treasure fleet

The Spanish treasure fleet, or West Indies Fleet from Spanish Flota de Indias, was a convoy system adopted by the Spanish Empire from 1566 to 1790. It linked Spain with its territories in America across the Atlantic. The convoys were general purp ...

                                               

18th century

The 18th century was the century from 1701 to 1800. Lots of things happened in the 18th century. In warfare, pikes were not used anymore and the most popular type of gun was a Flintlock Musket. The most important war was the seven years war. Engl ...

                                               

19th century

The 19th century was the century from 1801 to 1900. Most of this century is normally called the Victorian period because Queen Victoria ruled the United Kingdom. The Industrial Revolution started in this century in most western countries. George ...

                                               

20th century

The 20th century began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000. It was the century that saw two world wars, the Soviet Union rise and fall, the coming of the telephone, sound recording, film and television, airplanes, atomic weapons, ge ...

                                               

Tuesday

Tuesday is the day of the week between Monday and Wednesday. In some countries, for example the United States of America, Tuesday is the third day of the week. In other parts of the world, Tuesday is the second day of the week.

                                               

Friday

Friday is a day of the week. In some countries, for example the United States, it is the sixth day of the week. In other parts of the world, for example the United Kingdom, it is said to be the fifth day of the week. Friday is the Sabbath for Mus ...

                                               

January 1

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. Starting in the 1200s, January 1 was called New Years Day. It is a holiday.

                                               

January 2

2017 – A bomb attack in Baghdad kills at least 35 people. 2016 – Saudi Arabia executes 47 prisoners in one day, including Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr. 2006 – The roof of an ice rink in Bad Reichenhall, Bavaria, collapses, killing 15 people. 2002 – Eduard ...

                                               

January 3

2018 – Computer analysts report two major security vulnerabilities named "Meltdown" and "Spectre", affecting the microprocessors of all the computers in the world. 2009 – The first part of the decentralized payment system Bitcoin, called the Gene ...

                                               

January 4

2004 – Mikheil Saakashvili becomes President of Georgia. 2007 – Nancy Pelosi becomes the first female Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. 2004 – Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars. 2016 – Zinedine Zidane beco ...