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Latin cross

A Latin cross or Crux immissa is a type of cross in which the vertical beam sticks above the crossbeam. This is the main representation of the cross by which Jesus Christ was crucified. The Latin cross began as a Roman Catholic emblem but later b ...

                                               

Book of Leviticus

Leviticus is the third book of both the Bible, and the Torah. In Hebrew it is known as Wayiqra, meaning And He will declare. It was written by the Old Testament Patriarch Moses. Leviticus was written to the Hebrew people of Israel. The book has s ...

                                               

Liberal Christianity

Liberal Christianity is a term which is used for several movements in Christianity. These movements formed between the 18th and 20th century. Their philosophical and theological ideas have been influenced by those of Enlightenment. They are not l ...

                                               

Lilith

Lilith is a female demon in Jewish legends, found first in the Dead Sea scrolls. The legend is related to a Hebrew language term lilith meaning night, and has also been linked to beliefs about demons called lili in ancient Mesopotamia. It is beli ...

                                               

Lincoln Cathedral

Lincoln Cathedral is an Anglican church in Lincoln, England. It was the tallest building in the world for over 200 years, but the central spire fell down in the sixteenth century and was not rebuilt. It owns one of the four surviving copies of th ...

                                               

Linga

A linga or a lingam is a very complex symbol of Hinduism. It is associated with Shiva, supreme god in main gods of the Hindus. The Hindu scriptures say that a linga represents energy and strength. In almost all the temples of Shiva, Shiva is show ...

                                               

1 Maccabees

The Book of 1 Maccabees is a book of the Bible written in Hebrew around the year 100 BC by a Jewish author. It is part of the Old Testament in Catholic and Orthodox Christianity but is generally not seen as canonical in Protestantism. It talks ab ...

                                               

2 Maccabees

2 Maccabees is a book of the Catholic Bible which focuses on the Jews revolt against Antiochus IV Epiphanes and ends with the defeat of the Syrian general Nicanor in 161 BC by Judas Maccabeus, the hero of the work. 2 Maccabees was written in Koin ...

                                               

3 Maccabees

The book of the 3 Maccabees is found in most Orthodox Bibles. However, the book actually has nothing to do with the Maccabees. It does not have anything to do with their revolt against the Seleucid Empire, either. Instead, it tells the story of p ...

                                               

Mahābhūta

Mahābhūta is Sanskrit and Pāli for "great element." In Buddhism, the "four great elements" are earth, water, fire and air. Hinduism adds a fifth "great" or "gross" element: ether.

                                               

Mahabodhi Temple

The Mahabodhi Temple or the Mahabodhi Mahavihar, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an ancient, but much rebuilt and restored, Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya, marking the location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment. The site cont ...

                                               

Mahdi

The Mahdi or Mehdi is Islams messiah or savior. It is said that he and the Prophet Jesus will change the world for the better, bringing God in all hearts, before Yaum al-Qiyamah. In particular, the Sudanese tribal leader Muhammed Ahmed proclaimed ...

                                               

Malachi

Malachi, Malachias, Malache or Malachi was the writer of the Book of Malachi which is part of the Bible. This is the last book of the Neviim section in the Jewish Tanakh. Malachi is not mentioned by Ezra, however, and he does not directly mention ...

                                               

Book of Malachi

The Book of Malachi, is the last of the books of the Old Testament. The book is made up of four chapters and a total of fifty-five verses. The word Malachi means my messenger. It is unknown if this is a name or if it describes the work of the wri ...

                                               

Mandir

Hindu temple or Mandir is referred to a place where Hindus go to worship gods in the form of various deities. Many Hindu temples are filled with wooden and stone arts like pashupatinath temple. A mandir is a spiritual place for Hindus. It is the ...

                                               

Marian Prayer

Marian prayers or Marian devotions are acts of asking for the intercession of the Mary, the mother of Jesus. It is mainly something done by Roman Catholics but it is also used by Anglo-Catholics. Marian prayer is not worship. It is asking Mary to ...

                                               

Gospel of Mark

The Gospel of Mark is a book of the Bible. It is the second book of the New Testament and comes after the Gospel of Matthew even though it may have been written before it. The writer is believed to have been John Mark, a friend of Simon Peter, wh ...

                                               

Maronite Church

Maronites are members of one of the Syriac Eastern Catholic Churches, with a heritage reaching back to Maron in the early 5th century. The first Maronite patriarch, John Maron, was appointed in the late 7th century. Although reduced in numbers an ...

                                               

Matrixism

Matrixism or The path of the One is a new religion based on the movie The Matrix. It was started by a group of people in the year 2004. By the year 2005, Matrixism had over 300 members and it was seen in books and newspapers. There are now 16.000 ...

                                               

Matthew the Evangelist

Matthew the Evangelist is a semi-fictional character which comes from the idea that the title of the Gospel of Matthew actually referrs to the tax collector Matthew the Apostle or "Levi" mentioned in the New Testament of the Christian Bible as be ...

                                               

Mennonites

The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptists named after Menno Simons. His teachings were a relatively minor influence on the group, though. They are of the historic peace churches. Mennonites are committed to nonviolence, nonviolent resis ...

                                               

Menorah (Temple)

The menorah was an ancient lamp that accompanied the Israelites during their wanderings through the desert and later sat in their Temple. It had seven branches, and it was made of gold. Olive oil fed the menorahs flames. God commanded Moses to co ...

                                               

Metropolitan Community Church

The Metropolitan Community Church is an international Protestant Christian denomination. It is based in Los Angeles, California. It has 222 member congregations in 37 countries. It has a specific outreach to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender ...

                                               

Mezquita de Cordoba

The Mezquita of Cordoba is a Roman Catholic cathedral. It used to be a mosque situated in the Andalusian city of Cordoba, Spain. At first the site had been used for a temple, then a Christian cathedral. Under the rule of Islam, it was built as th ...

                                               

Book of Micah

The Book of Micah is one of the books of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament. Scholars believe it was written by Micah the prophet, about 700 years before Jesus was born. Chapter 1 verse 5 says Micah was from Moresheth. He lived duri ...

                                               

Middle way

The Middle Way or Middle Path is a teaching about a way of looking at things in Buddhism. This teaching advises a path of moderation, taking a middle way between extremes. In particular, the Buddha advises against taking a either an overly hard p ...

                                               

Minbar

A minbar is a special place in a mosque. It is used by the Imam to speak to the congregation, to deliver sermons. Usually, minbars are raised ; These sermons are usually called khutbah. In a minbar, the speaker is standing while he is giving the ...

                                               

Missionaries of Charity

Missionaries of Charity is a Roman Catholic Latin rite congregation started on 7 October in 1950. It was founded by Mother Teresa. It started in the slums of Kolkata with Mother Teresa and 12 sisters. It now has a membership of nearly 5.000 siste ...

                                               

Missionary

A missionary is a person who tries to convert people to his own faith. In Christianity, this is called evangelism. Missionaries are usually sent from churches or worship places of the religion. They can also do other things, such as deliver medic ...

                                               

Moksha

Moksha is the ultimate goal of personal spiritual development for some schools of Hinduism. It is the equivalent of Nirvana in Buddhism. In the Sanskrit language, "moksha" means freedom. It is as a state of eternal bliss and emptiness. According ...

                                               

Monk

A monk is a man who devoted part or all of his life to a religion. The word comes from Ancient Greek, and can be translated as solitary. In Greek, the word can apply to women, but in modern English it is mainly used for men. The word nun is usual ...

                                               

Muezzin

A muezzin is a man who calls muslims to prayer from the minaret of a mosque. He leads the call adhan to Friday service and the five daily prayers also known as the salat from one of the mosques minarets. Blind people often got the position; this ...

                                               

Muharram

Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year in which fighting is not allowed. The other months are Dhu al-Qidah, Dhu al-Hijjah and Rajab. Since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, Muh ...

                                               

Muscular Christianity

Muscular Christianity is a term for a movement originating during the Victorian era. It stressed the need for active Christian activism and belief of vigorous masculinity. It is most associated with the English writers Charles Kingsley and Thomas ...

                                               

Book of Nahum

The Book of Nahum is a book in the Bibles Old Testament and Jewish Tanakh. We dont know much about who Nahum was. His name means "comforter", and he was from the town of Elkosh or Alqosh Nahum 1:1, which may have been a town of northern Galilee. ...

                                               

Nath

Nath Sect is a religious sect under the "Shaiva sect" of Hinduism. Believed to be started with the origin of mythical god & incarnation of God Shiva "Dattatrey". Dattatrey is believed to be the founder or the "Aadi Guru" Nath sect. The Nath sect ...

                                               

Nirvana

In Buddhism, Nirvana is the state of perfect peace free from reincarnation reached by not wanting more than you have. It means happiness and peace. It is every Buddhists goal to achieve Nirvana. The Buddha described it as: the far shore, the subt ...

                                               

Noah

Noah is a man in the Abrahamic religions. He was the son of Lamech, and the father of sons, Shem, Ham, Canaan, and Japheth. Noah and his ark is in the Book of Genesis, which also describes Noah as the first man to plant a vineyard. Several other ...

                                               

Noble Eightfold Path

In Buddhism, the Noble Eightfold Path is the path to the end of suffering. It is the fourth part of the Four Noble Truths. It can be summed up in three categories: wisdom, virtue, and concentration. It asks for the Right view and the right intent ...

                                               

Nontrinitarianism

Nontrinitarism is a movement that rejects the idea of the Christian Trinity. That idea says that God is three different persons in one being. There are several movements which can be classified as Nontrinitarian. At the First Council of Nicaea, i ...

                                               

Nun

Nun is a woman who made a special vow dedicating herself to a religious life. Catholic nuns are said to "take the veil" as a symbol of their new life. Roman Catholic nuns are the most commonly thought of nuns in the West, but nuns are found in di ...

                                               

Nyingma

Nyingma is the name of one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. The Nyingma school is made up of several different lines that start with Padmasambhava, the legendary founder of Tibetan Buddhism. The word "Nyingma" means "ancient". Nying ...

                                               

Book of Obadiah

The Book of Obadiah is found in the Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament of the Christian Bible where it is the shortest book, only one chapter long. It is thought to have been written by a person named Obadiah, which means" servant of the Lord”. O ...

                                               

Okeanid

The Okeanids or Okeanides are the daughters of the Titans Okeanos and Tethys in Greek mythology. They were nymphs of the ocean, said to be three thousand in number. Many people also know these goddesses as lovers. Among them are: Pleione - Mother ...

                                               

Old Believers

In the Russian Orthodox church history, the Old Believers became separated after 1666-1667. They split from the hierarchy of the Russian Orthodox Church as a protest against church reforms introduced by Patriarch Nikon. Old Believers continue lit ...

                                               

Old Calendarists

Old Calendarists is the name for two groups of Eastern Orthodox churches: Some churches have always used the Julian calendar to determine holidays and church festivities. This means that from 1900 to about 2100, the date of a given occasion is ab ...

                                               

Old Catholic Church

The Old Catholic Church is a name for a group of Christian churches. Most of them are from German-speaking countries. Their beliefs are close to that of the Anglican Church.

                                               

OMF International

OMF International is an inter-denominational Protestant Christian missionary society. It was started by English missionary Hudson Taylor on 25 June, 1865.

                                               

Oneness Pentecostalism

Oneness Pentecostalism, also known as Apostolic Pentecostalism, is a movement of Christianity that split from the Pentecostal movement, at around 1914. Followers believe that the Bible was inspired by God. Oneness means that they believe that God ...

                                               

Oriental Orthodoxy

Oriental Orthodoxy means the group of Eastern Christian Churches that accept only the first three ecumenical councils - the First Council of Nicaea, the First Council of Constantinople and the Council of Ephesus - and do not accept the dogmatic d ...